Overview: HIV/AIDS

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Total newly diagnosed HIV cases in 2015: 15

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

Over 34 million people are living with HIV/AIDS worldwide; almost a million in the U.S.

In Wyoming, approximately 300 people are living with HIV/AIDS.

Every 9 ½ minutes someone in the United States is infected with HIV.

Transmission: HIV/AIDS

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You may get infected with HIV if you –

-Have unprotected (not using a condom) oral, vaginal or anal sex with someone who is infected;

-Share needles, syringes or works with someone who is infected;

-Are exposed (fetus or infant) to HIV before or during birth or through breast feeding;

HIV is not transmitted by shaking hands, hugging, kissing, or sitting on a toilet seat.

The best way to prevent HIV is abstinence from unprotected anal, vaginal and oral sex, and avoid exposure to infected blood. Other prevention activities include; knowing your own HIV status, know your partner’s status, use a condom consistently and correctly during oral, vaginal and anal sex, don’t inject drugs, but if you do, don’t share equipment (needles, syringes, works). The use of spermicidal foams, creams or jellies can cause microscopic abrasions that facilitate transmission and should be avoided.

Symptoms: HIV/AIDS

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Symptoms of early HIV infection include:

-Having flu-like (fever, body aches, chills) symptoms that last for a week or two

-Swollen glands

-Night sweats

-Unexplained weight loss

-Thrush (white growth in mouth or on/under tongue)

-Or . . . NO Symptoms at all

Treatment/Vaccine: HIV/AIDS

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Currently, there is no cure for HIV/AIDS or vaccine to prevent it.

Treatments are available to reduce viral load and to increase or stabilize the body’s immune system.

See prevention.

Testing: HIV/AIDS

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WDH sponsored clinics use rapid HIV tests which use a small amount of blood from a finger prick to look for HIV antibodies and/or antigen. Preliminary test results are available in 15-20 minutes. If a person has a reactive test (preliminary positive), a larger blood sample will be submitted to a laboratory to confirm the results.

To get tested and know for sure print off a low- or no-cost voucher to a clinic near you.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NPIN, HIV Fact Sheets, 2012


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